Wednesday, December 23, 2009

One Year Estate Tax Repeal -- Can Congress Act Before New Year's Eve?

As it stands right now, the current Estate Tax (enacted in 2001) that applies to estates of a certain size ($7 million for families, $3.5 million for individuals) will be repealed on the first day of 2010, only to return in one year's time (01/01/11). In its rebirth on January 1, 2011, the top tax rate will be 55% (today it's 45%) and the exempt amount will be $1,000,000 (right now it's $3,500,000) -- and it will apply to smaller estates (e.g., $1 million for individuals).

However, for this one year -- 2010 -- there'll be no tax rate and no exempt amount, because there will be no Estate Tax unless Congress does something.

Checking the online newsfeeds, Reuters is predicting chaos ("Estate Tax Repeal Seen to Bring Chaos") and the Associated Press is reporting a probable extension of the current law, passed retroactively in January 2010.

Today is the day before the day before Christmas. Already, the Senate declined a House proposal to temporarily extend the current Estate Tax for a two months, to give Congress time to do something more concrete after year's end. Today, there's nothing on the table. What are the chances that President Obama will have something to sign within 10 days time?

There's talk about Congress passing legislation early next year that would apply retroactively. Of course, someone starts talking about retroactive taxation and someone else immediately brings up litigation on its constitutionality.

And, let's not forget that in 2010 -- unless something happens -- some estates that will be required to pay a capital gains tax that has been avoided in past years.

It's going to be an interesting year in probate circles ....

Tuesday, December 08, 2009

San Antonio Holiday Events - December 2009

With the wonders of the web, you can find so much to do over this holiday season - truly something for everyone, and lots of it with free admission!

1. There's a handy calendar tool at VisitSanAntonio.Com -- you plug in the dates, and it gives you back a list of events in the San Antonio area along with detailed information (location, if it's free, etc.). 

2.  Go to HistoricSanAntonio.Com and you'll find a list of events to choose from (including the beautiful Fiesta de las Luminarias). 

3.'s San Antonio page has a nice list -- and some things appear there that might not be on some of the other sites. 

4.  SAEvents.Com is interesting because its home page asks you to pick your interests, and then the site takes you to things you might like -- art, sports, etc.

5.  Finally, the San Antonio Riverwalk has its own events calendar ready for your review online and it covers more than just the confines of the Riverwalk itself.  For example, you can learn about the Cowboy Christmas with Cowboy Santa over the weekend of December 19-20 at the Enchanted Springs Ranch. 

So, even if we didn't get any snow last Friday we remain so blessed to live in this remarkable, wonderful city of ours.  Get out there and find some fun with you and yours!!! Have a happy, happy holiday season!

Image of the Riverwalk at Christmas 2005 - Zereshk, Wikimedia Commons

Thursday, December 03, 2009

Google Builds Free Legal Database at Google Scholar – Is it the New Lexis or Westlaw?

If you access Google and choose its Google Scholar , you can find a remarkable feat: Google has made available not only full opinions from the U.S. Supreme Court, but also those from all the federal district courts and the federal appellate courts, too. No bankruptcy court opinions yet, but you know that is a matter of time.

What is the extent of the Texas law library available at Google Scholar?

As for providing legal research options for the states, all 50 states are represented at Google Scholar --- both their appellate and supreme courts. For Texas, a cursory surf through Google Scholar revealed a plethora of opinions from both the Texas Supreme Court as well as the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals and many opinions from the various state appellate courts. There’s a lot to be found at Google Scholar, and it’s all for free.

How much does Google already have available?

It’s hard to tell. We couldn’t get any solid feel for how far back in time the precedent reaches (state or federal), much less how fast they update their databases. You also don’t know if the individual case is an unpublished opinion. We did find some cases going back to the 1950s – and Google is nothing if not hard-working and persistent. This time next year, who knows how much will be available to use at the Google Scholar web site.

Of particular note, there are also search results for law review articles and various journal submissions. These are not free, unlike the precedent that Google provides. Usually, you are directed to a site with a synopsis of what the full article provides, and you must paid a small amount to gain access to the complete work.

How do the cases appear?

They are easy to read, and contain hypertext linked in a very user-friendly format. (Case citations within an opinion are cross-linked, for example.) There is also a pseudo-citator (“HowCited”) which seems incomplete right now. It does list precedent as well as secondary sources that mention the particular case, but we can’t confirm its completeness or accuracy here. Clearly it’s no KeyCite or Shepard’s at this point (but given time, that might change).

Does it compare to Lexis or Westlaw?

Time will tell and you will have to be the judge on this one – as of today, a clearer comparison seems to be with Justia or Cornell’s Legal Information Institute. Who knows about tomorrow?

Wednesday, November 25, 2009

Happy Thanksgiving to Everyone!

Here's hoping that everyone has a nice, safe, festive and fun Thanksgiving this year.  And since this blog is dedicated to providing helpful information, here's the Turkey Day NFL Football schedule:

Green Bay at Detroit is on FOX at 11:30 A.M. CST 
Oakland at Dallas is on at CBS at 3:15 P.M. CST
NY Giants at Denver is on NFL Network at 7:20 P.M. CST

Monday, November 16, 2009

30th Annual Raul Jimenez Thankgiving Dinner Focuses on Seniors

It's hard to believe that this year marks the 30th Anniversary of the Raul Jimenez Thanksgiving Dinner, although it is undoubtedly true that the Jimenez Dinner is a San Antonio tradition of which we can all be proud. 

Back in 1979, Raul Jimenez started his annual Turkey Day bash with a focus toward senior citizens in the local community who otherwise wouldn't have a Thanksgiving dinner.  Maybe they couldn't afford it.  Maybe they were alone and couldn't handle all the effort of preparation.  This year, the Raul Jimenez Thanksgiving Dinner is expected to serve over 25,000 senior citizens (along with anyone else who would like to come).

For those of you who haven't participated in a Raul Jimenez Thanksgiving Dinner Event (and these are events, held down at the Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center), you don't know what you're missing. 

The atmosphere is a happy one.  The place is decorated with bright colors -- there are streamers, and balloons and tablecloths covered with placemats made by local schoolchildren.  There are long tables and hundreds and hundreds of chairs....

It's not a quiet place, either. There is the sound of live music -- a number of bands will play during the day -- along with a constant hum of human chatter and children laughing.  Elderly couples move slowly on the dance floor, and volunteers of all shapes and sizes move along the tables, refreshing tea and soda glasses or perhaps bringing over a second slice of pie. 

There are few occasions where a true sense of camaraderie and community exists in today's society -- and the Raul Jimenez Thanksgiving Dinner is a wonderful experience.

And it's a truly great news to report that the Volunteer Roster is already full according to the official Jimenez website.  What a wonderful thing that says about our city!!!!

Friday, October 09, 2009

Recodification of Texas Probate Code Can Be Followed Online as the New Texas Estates and Guardianship Code is Revealed

The Texas Legislative Council has undertaken the huge job of revising the Texas Probate Code -- nonsubstantively.  The Probate Code Revision Project is headed by TLC's Maria Breitschopf, and if you have any comments or questions about the Project, you can call her at (512) 463-1155 or write her at P.O. Box 12128, Austin, Texas 78711.

What's Going to Happen to the Texas Probate Code as we know it?

First, it's being reorganized not rewritten.  Currently, TLC envisions recodifying the current Texas Probate Code.  Meetings will be held periodically during the entirety of the process with probate law experts as the project progresses. 

Why Are They Doing This?

The TLC has undertaken this task because they're required to do so by the Texas Legislature.  Section 323.007 of the Texas Government Code mandates a complete nonsubstantive revision of the Texas statutes.

Proposed "Texas Estates and Guardianship Code" Chapters Available for Review Online

The TLC has published proposed chapters that can be read online or downloaded in either Word or .pdf formats.  Currently, Title 1 (General Provisions) and Title 2 (Estates of Decedents) are available. 

Tuesday, September 29, 2009

Roaming the Blogs - There's Great Info Out There, Giving Answers to Questions We're Frequently Asked

Just like lots of places, our court has Frequently Asked Questions ... and there are some great Texas bloggers (or "blawgers") that have posted excellent answers to some of the queries that our court personnel hear quite a bit:

1. What happens if I die without a will in Texas?

A great answer is provided by the Texas Probate and Guardianship Blog, which is written by Ford & Mathiason, LLP (offices in both Houston and Dallas).

2. What are Guardianships and how do I get one (for my mom, dad, child, etc.)?

The Center for Children, Law & Policy of the University of Houston Law Center maintains a blog entitled, Children and the Law which gives an overview of the guardianship process (jurisdiction, venue, etc.) as well as links to the pertinent sections of the Texas Probate Code.

3. Can anyone be a Guardian in Texas?

The fast answer is NO. For an example of a controversy surrounding a guardian for elders and the Texas requirement that guardians in Texas be certified, check out the post written for the blog of the National Association to Stop Guardianship Abuse, entitled "Closer to Freedom."

4. Your loved one has died, and you've found the Will. Now what?

Lots of Texas law -- and federal law, as well -- applies to the transitioning of property upon the death of the property owner. Finding a will is good news because it avoids the intestacy statutes (where the state decides who gets what), but just holding that will in your hands isn't enough.

For what to do when you've found the will, check out "What's the First Thing an Executor under the Will Must Do?" written by Austin's Cary & Lippencott, PLLC, in their Texas Probate and Estate Planning Law Blog.

5. What are wills, living wills, directives to physicians, special needs trusts, estate tax, or estate plans, do I need to worry about it, and can the court help me do it myself?

Last answer first: no, our court doesn't provide legal representation. As to what these various aspects of estate planning are - and why you may need them -- read post entitled "Estate Planning Basics, " in the Wills, Trusts & Estates Blog overseen by Texas Tech law professor Gerry Beyer.

Friday, September 25, 2009

Who are the Manifestly Violent Mentally Ill and Why Should We Care About the Current Law Regarding MVMI?

Research shows the mentally ill are more violent than the general population. Other factors, like substituting cocaine for licit medication, make their violent behavior highly predictable.

Studies find that a schizophrenic off meds and on cocaine will be violent in the first six months. (See the work of J. Reid Meloy, Ph.D. especially, his book Violence Risk and Threat Assessment.)

In every city, there are a set number of mentally ill who monopolize resources and pose serious risk to the public. Their violent behavior causes the public to wrongly consider all mentally ill dangerous and therefore to be avoided. I believe that if we identify and isolate the manifestly violent mentally ill (MVMI), we will free the passively ill from this stigma.

A major myth is that the MVMI just "snap." Studies show they warn family and mental health professionals well before they act. It appears that now in our culture mass shootings by the mentally ill are increasing and they are often accompanied by warnings sent to the media.

Currently, our jails are the largest treatment facilities for the MVMI

My son and two brothers are police officers. Law enforcement is our first line of defense against these offenders and our jails are the largest treatment facilities. The former executive director of the National Sheriffs' Association, Thomas Faust, has written that the three largest mental health facilities in this country are these well-known jails: Rikers Island (NYC); Los Angeles County Jail; and Cook County Jail (Chicago).

I would like every officer to see on his computer when they are approaching the house of a MVMI, that they are former patients who expressed a desire to “die by cop.”

Death threats by the mentally ill should be considered as seriously as a suicide threat.

All death threats to family and members and others by the mentally ill should be taken as seriously as threats to commit suicide. It will save lives. Mental illness is the third highest predictor of violence following previous violent history and drug use.

Currently, there is too much pressure placed upon the treating physicians.

Only patients, who are dangerous to themselves or others, are committed involuntarily. Indeed, without the word “kill” in the affidavit supporting commitment, it is most difficult to access the state hospital. Almost everyone who goes in, goes in and out again and again.

Presently, statistics show judges never overrule a doctor who directs commitment or release!

That means all the responsibility for ensuring public safety rests with doctors. The doctors’ treatment and decision to report or not to report are also protected by medical privacy. Except for notorious crimes, their reports are never seen by the media or public, even if the patient has foretold their behavior with serious violent hallucinations.

I believe new legislation is vitally important to the public safety, that new laws will save lives of police officers, that passing new statutes will reduce the stigma the mentally ill suffer and relieve psychiatrists from the sole responsibility of dealing with the MVMI.

In the future, I will have guest posts by mental health professionals, who will discuss this issue from their professional perspective. Other experts in fields related to this issue will also be providing their input (from the judiciary, law enforcement, etc.)

And, of course, I welcome your comments to this issue.

-- Judge Tom Rickhoff

Monday, September 21, 2009

Why I'm So Concerned About the Violently Mentally Ill in this Country

In 1968, while working for legal aid, I had a client who told me, "I need to kill Lyndon Johnson because he raped my daughter."

I had him removed by the civil mental health unit and reported to the Secret Service. He called the next day and said, "Do you know where I am? I am in a Mental Institution."

Today, I feel driven to help find solutions to a serious problem in our society.

Now, over 40 years later, hopefully I've gained some wisdom and perspective in the area of mental illness -- not the least of which comes from calling the Bexar County mental health docket for 60 months. (We see the mentally ill today in our Probate Court as well, usually in our guardianship proceedings.)

Perhaps my personal involvement in cases dealing with the mentally ill has given me more impetus to take action.

I feel driven now to try and contribute as best I can towards finding solutions to problems I see in how our society deals with its mentally ill citizens. Particularly so, after reading things like the July 2009 murder here in San Antonio of a 3 1/2 week old newborn baby boy by his mother, who decapitated him with a steak knife and then skinned and gutted him. The mother also reportedly ate some of the baby's toes and part of his brain.

The decapitation of a newborn by his mother here in San Antonio gained worldwide media coverage.

This local story gained international media coverage. The issue of the mother's mental illness received small mention as the gory elements of the event took most of the word count; nevertheless, we do know that Otty Sanchez had a history of mental illness, and told law enforcement that she was hearing voices: the devil made her kill her little boy.

The reality is a "Revolving Door" without a workable treatment plan.

Here's the reality: if a mentally ill individual in this county is actually taken into care involuntarily, Bexar County is good about quickly admitting an individual needing treatment. However, that admittance isn't long: currently, the process is merely a "revolving door" that quickly releases the individual back into the community without a workable treatment plan.

The failure to identify, segregate, and treat the violently mentally ill is the most tragic flaw in our system. It is the chief part of my frustration as a Judge with more than 25 years of experience serving the bench.

I am passionate about doing something to help find a solution here.

Why? Because all too often, the untreated, violently mentally ill precipitate true tragedy, in sometimes horrific circumstances. And, although only 20% of violent crime is committed by mentally ill individuals, one untreated, violent mentally ill person truly can destroy lives and even change world history (e.g., assassination attempts of Pope John Paul; President Reagan; John Lennon; Robert Kennedy; and the catalyst for World War II, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand).

We can no longer avoid use of the word "violent" because of a fear of stigmatization.

Many advocacy groups abhor the word "violent" because it tends to stigmatize all mental illness. Still, there is a fraction of mentally ill patients who are best described that way: violent. It is my opinion that it is in their best interests -- as well as our community's -- that the violently mentally ill be identified, adequately treated, and adequately medicated.

What about the cost? Heck. Right now, one violent mentally ill patient can cost up to $1.5 million to treat over a lifetime if continuously rotated through hospitals.

Our current system of dealing with the mentally ill is not acceptable.

Our current system of laws in dealing with this reality is not acceptable. Judges have no discretion over whether to admit or to decline the release of a patient. Currently, psychiatrists control everything in this area. And while violent offenses themselves are commonly reported, the fact that these offenses are committed by the mentally ill isn't. Why not? Violent offenses by the mentally ill come under the protection of certain state and federal privacy laws.

I'll be working on many fronts - and reporting about things on this blog.

I'll be writing more -- and asking others to provide their opinions and insights -- here on this blog, on a regular basis. I'll also be working in other areas to find answers to this serious and real problem that impacts not just our community, but our nation as a whole. Periodically, I'll provide updates here regarding all that I'm doing.

I'm not alone -- Judge Yvonne Rodriguez takes a stand today.

And, I will look for -- and support -- others who share my concern, such as Judge Yvonne Rodriguez of El Paso County's Probate Court No. One (1).

Judge Rodriguez wrote an excellent article for the El Paso Times today on this issue, where she concludes by writing, "I for one am ready to take a stand."

As am I.

-- Judge Tom Rickhoff

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

Herb Schaefer 1946 - 2009

It is with great sadness that our court deals this week with the unexpected passing of Herbert "Herb" Schaefer.

For those of us working in this court, Herb wasn't just a co-worker: he was our friend, too. Everyone walking in our doors could expect to see a smiling face when they came upon Herb Schaefer ....

Herb Was Always Smiling

Only 63 years old, Herb passed away this past Monday -- the day after his birthday --thankfully, with family by his side. He'd worked at this big, red courthouse for over 44 years. Think of how things have changed since Herb first walked up those big stone steps ....

Herb Worked in This Big, Red Courthouse for 44 Years

Herb Schaefer was a Longhorn, graduating from UT - Austin and starting work here at the Bexar County Courthouse. His first job was in the office of Hart McCormick, who was then serving the county as its District Clerk. Herb would go on to work as a court clerk for Judge Anees Mann; he would serve as District Clerk; and he would serve in the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit of Texas (located in the Bexar County Courthouse, with a region covering a large portion of South Texas), before joining our court. We were lucky to have him here, and he will be missed.

Herb Leaves Behind a Loving Family

Herb leaves behind wife, Joan Schaefer; daughter, Taryn Schaefer; step-daughter, Robynne Paugh (John); sister, Shirley Fox; and brothers, James Schaefer and Richard Schaefer. Everyone here offers our sincerest condolences to all of Herb's family as well as his extensive circle of friends.

Funeral Information and Memorial Online Guestbook

Visitation will be held this evening, from 5:00 to 9:00, at Porter Loring Mortuary, 1101 McCullough, San Antonio, Texas, 78212. Funeral services will follow tomorrow morning (Thursday, Sept. 17th) at eleven o'clock (11:00) with interment to follow at Holy Cross Cemetery.

If you would like to sign the online memorial guestbook, you may do so here.

Friday, September 11, 2009

How We Currently Deal with the Violent Mentally Ill Here in Texas - The Short Term Involuntary Commitment

Under the current law for the State of Texas, patients who are "dangerous to themselves or others" can be civilly committed. And only those patients.

The Legal Balance is Freedom versus "Dangerous to Themselves or Others"

If facts can be placed into evidence that support the individual is "dangerous to himself or others," then the law allows their rights to freedom to be curtailed as they are involuntarily placed into a facility where they can receive assistance and support. However, we are a country that values freedom, and perhaps no state is more passionate about liberty, freedom, and the independence of the individual than Texas.

Legal Limitations on Involuntary Civil Commitments in Texas

Involuntary commitment flies in the face of the law's stringent protection of freedom. As well it should. Accordingly, limitations are placed upon civil commitments.

After being committed, the law allows these acutely ill patients to depart just two weeks later. During their commitment, they will have been seen by health care professionals and treated by therapy and medication. Hopefully, there will have been some success, and the individual patient is no longer a danger for suicide or homicide, or some other violence danger. They are then released, after only a short stay in a treatment facility.

What Happens After the Civil Commitment?

And, here's the rub. It may not be enough. Too many mentally ill patients complain that the medications that help them have unbearable side effects. They become sleepy, they feel like "zombies," they feel like they are living in a bubble. The result? They stop taking the drugs. Many start to self-medicate with illegal drugs or alcohol.

And soon, with a few weeks time, that same individual is once again a serious threat to himself, or others, and we're back to square one and hoping that no one is hurt or killed before this sick person -- suffering from an illness -- can get real, substantive treatment.

-- Judge Tom Rickhoff

Tuesday, September 08, 2009

Caregiver Support: 2009 Spirituality and Aging Conference at OLLU

One of the major concerns of this blog is the needs of the caregiver in our community, particularly those who take care of the elderly. It can be a rewarding effort, but it is also exhausting work.

Caregiver burnout is a real and continuing concern.

This month, there will be an event recognizing the caregiver's needs. It costs $10 (which includes breakfast and lunch) and lasts five hours -- and it might make a major difference in the lives of caregivers here in our area.

The 2009 OLLU Spirituality and Aging Conference

This year's Spirituality and Aging Conference will be held from 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. on September 19, 2009, in Our Lady of the Lake University's Providence Hall (click for map). It will be telecast live in both Spanish and English (go to, and there are already remote locations set up for the Conference in Uvalde, Del Rio, Eagle Pass, and Carrizo Springs.

Dr. James Huysman of Leeza's Place / Leeza Gibbons Memory Foundn Will Speak

The Conference's Keynote Speaker will be Miami's Dr. James Huysman. Dr Hysman is co-founder of The Leeza Gibbons Memory Foundation (which provides Leeza's Place here in SA) and the co -author of Take Your Oxygen First: Protecting Your Health and Happiness While Caring for a Loved One with Memory Loss. He will speak on "The Ten Commandment of Careglving," with a focus on how people can help care for the caregiver.

Other topics to be covered at the conference include dealing with grief and loss; the basics of dementia; and finding meaning in caregiving.

Here's hoping local caregivers and their loved ones can attend the Conference

Sounds like a very informative Saturday for everyone, and we hope that local caregivers and their families can find a way to attend.

Wish there were more events like this during the year....

[Click here to print the Conference Brochure.]

Friday, September 04, 2009

Caregiver Support: Angel Food Ministries Is Great - Quality Food for Half Price

Since our first post about Angel Food Ministries, things have changed. For the better!

You can order online and choose where you will pick up your order from several different sites, all within a 20 mile radius of your zip code entry.

You can apply for food stamps via the Angel Food website, and they will coordinate through the USDA to have a case worker in your area contact you, to finalize things.

You can get a nice magazine, The Servant --a free copy is placed with every order.

You have a bigger selection. The menu selections have really expanded -- there's a lot more to choose from, and a real variety of menu options for different needs (allergen free, seniors, etc.)

The Angel Food Selections Have Lots of Choices Now

For example, the Seniors Box for September 2009 provides the following for $28.00: ten (10) meals on cute, round plates that are nutritionally balanced, seasoned, and pre-cooked with seniors in mind. Each meal has 3 oz. of protein, a starch, and two veggies/fruit. Assorted desserts come, too -- applesauce, cookies, fruit cups, and juice.

September's ten Senior Box meals include: (1) country herb chicken w/mashed potatoes, broccoli and green bean blend; (2) swedish meatballs with pasta, broccoli, carrots, and red pepper; and (3) breaded baked fish with wild rice, corn and peas. [See the above image.]

The Signature Box provides food (meat, veggies, etc.) to feed a family of four for one week. It costs $30.00. You do have to know how to cook, the meat is raw and the ingredients are staples, not ready-to-heat items.

There's three choices in meat boxes (7 lbs, 11 lbs, 5 lbs) and a produce box to choose, as well as an allergen-free option. Each is under $24.00.

Order Now for Thanksgiving!!!

Thanksgiving Meals can be ordered now. The Thanksgiving Box provides all this for $36.00:

7 lbs. Roaster
2.5 lbs. boneless ham
2 lbs. frozen diced sweet potatoes
3.5 lbs. corn on the cob
2lbs. green beans
1 lb. frozen cranberries
17oz. ready to cook cornbread dressing
8 ct. heat and serve large dinner rolls
4. 5 oz. brown gravy mix
1 dessert (a pie or a cake)
1 recipe sheet with scripture.

What is Angel Food Ministries? From their website:

"By buying food from first rate suppliers at substantial volume discounts,Angel Food Ministries is able to provide families with approximately $65 worth of quality nutritious food for $30. Angel Food Ministries does not use out-of-date food or inferior products.

"Each month's menu is different and consists of fresh, frozen and packaged food. Angel Food is purchased from the nation’s top food suppliers. Providing quality,
nutritious food at significant discounts on a regular basis is one practical way to give people a “hand up” during difficult times. The cost for a box of Angel Food is $30. There is no purchase limit for boxes of Angel Food.

"There are no applications or qualifications necessary to purchase. Comparison shopping nationwide in various grocery stores has revealed that the average retail value for the same food items would be approximately $65. Generally, one box of Angel Food assists in feeding a family of four for about one week or a single senior citizen for almost a month.

"Each month, Angel Food Ministries also offers “specialty boxes” of steak, chicken, pork or other foods. This bonus program affords participants additional food choices at a great value. There is no purchase limit for specialty boxes or bonus foods. There are no applications or qualifications necessary to purchase. There are no restrictions, conditions or forms to fill out to purchase Angel Food. The food relief program is open to one and all. Anyone may purchase an unlimited number of boxes of Angel Food by placing an order with a local Angel Food host site."

Order. Order for whomever you choose, and buy as many boxes as you like. Go to the designated site with stuff to carry your goodies off (bring a cooler!) and your money or food stamps. That's it. No applications, no questions asked.

Tuesday, September 01, 2009

Three Goals for Reform Legislation Dealing with the Violently Mentally Ill

I believe there are three overriding goals for reforming the current laws dealing with the violent mentally ill in our state, and these are:

1. Reduce the stigma on the mentally ill;

2. Protect the public, particularly law enforcement; and

3. Relieve treating psychiatrists from sole responsibility for release of committees.

I will be discussing these in detail over the next few months, and welcome your comments and contributions.

-- Judge Tom Rickhoff

Thursday, August 06, 2009

Who Really Runs the American Mental Health System -- One Judge's Opinion

Who runs the mental health system in this country? Not the executive branch or the legislature.

In my view, politicians have invested precious little thought, energy or resources. The Republicans decided it is too complex and expensive and the Democrats have defaulted to agenda rights groups like the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI).

We all know that the topic of serious mental illness -- and what to do about it -- is labyrinthine. Just look at Hollywood. Press agents and PR gurus who search for a cause for their stars to champion put celebrities on a plane to Africa because mental health is just too complicated: you can’t just appear and say “we need to feed these starving people” when you're talking about the mentally ill.

The U.S. Mental Health System Isn't Controlled by the Judiciary, Either

I'm a judge. I know that Judges don’t run the programs or even tinker with the edges. We just confirm what the doctor says. We never say “No” we are not going to admit a patient who is a danger to himself or others, nor do we have any discretion whatsoever on that patient's release once the Doctor says they are no longer a danger. No discretion. None.

All the credit or blame for the system is in the hands of the psychiatrist. Psychiatrists run mental health in America today.

We Need to Be Discussing The Problems and Finding Solutions

Where can we find a discussion of the system? Is there a central publication that helps examine the current crisis in our country's mental health system with a goal to bring change?

Protecting the Public from Mental Illness Caused Violence

It is my goal to use a significant portion of this blog to focus upon the mental health system that our country experiences today with a particular emphasis on protecting the public from the violently mentally ill. I am extremely concerned about the victims of violence caused by mental illness, especially infants and young children.

The recent tragedy that our community experienced, when a young mother -- known to be mentally ill -- butchered her infant in a horrific manner, a story which garnered national news attention, only serves to provide further impetus to me that we must work hard on finding solutions to the current system's maladies.

Please return to find additional posts and reference information on these issues, and know that your comments are welcome.

-- Judge Tom Rickhoff

Wednesday, August 05, 2009

Judge Rickhoff's Bio

Tom Rickhoff was born in Idaho on July 13, 1944, at the Farragutt Naval Air Station, while his father was serving in the Phillippines. His parents were married on Valentine’s Day, 1942.

After his naval service, Tom’s dad worked first as a trial lawyer for 28 years, as well as serving as a state district judge. John and Lela Rickhoff had six other children: John, Lynn, Jim, Gerry, Mike, and Mary Ann.

Gerry Rickhoff currently serves Bexar County as its County Clerk. Jim Rickhoff is a Captain at the Bexar County Sheriff's office; Mike was recently honored as Law Officer of the Year. John is retired from the U.S. Postal Service, and sister Lynn is a university fund raiser. Mary Ann works for Drury Inn and her husband, Charlie, is Deputy Director of the Texas Veterans' Commission.

On September 5, 1970, Tom married Carol Mumford. Tom and Carol have been married for 39 years. Carol has a masters’ degree in social work from Our Lake of the Lake University. Together, they have raised a family of five children: three boys: Hans, Franz, and Fritz, and two girls: Erika and Liesel.


Formal Education

St. Mary’s University, San Antonio, Texas, Graduated 1966

St. Mary’s University-School of Law, Graduated 1969

University of Texas-Master’s Candidate, 1978-1979

Continuing Education

Department of Justice, Training Program for Prosecutors, 1970

Judge Advocate General’s School 1970, 1976

Military Judge Certification Course 1985

National Judicial College, Reno, Nevada 1985

Judicial College, Huntsville, Texas 1981

Universidad de Guanajauato Law School, 1999


Military Experience

Lt. Colonel, Retired, United States Army 2004

Captain, Active Duty, United States Army 1969-1974

Lieutenant Colonel, Reserves, United States Army 1974-1993

Captain, Active Duty United States Army 1969-1974

Legal Career

Associate Professor of Law, St. Mary’s University, 1987-2000,
State and Federal Practice.

Adjunct Professor,University of Alaska, Summer 1998,
Trial Advocacy.

Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute,Patrick AFB, 1986-1987
Certified both as equal opportunity officer and judge.

Military Judge Training, 1985

Bexar County District Clerk,January 1979-September 1980
First Republican ever elected to countywide office. Supervised a staff of 100 and a $1 million budget. Implemented much-needed courthouse reforms. Named “Politician of the Year” by the San Antonio Light, 1979.

Strother, Johnson and Rickhoff, 1977-1979
General practice of law with emphasis on civil and criminal litigation. Represented clients in both federal and state courts.

Assistant United States Attorney, Department of Justice 1974-1977
Chief of the Special Crimes Unit, Western District of Texas 1976-1977Responsible for developing and coordinating prosecutions, including white-collar crime, organized crime and other sophisticated and sensitive investigations.

Special Trial Attorney, Department of Justice
Organized Crime and Racketeering Strike Force, New Orleans Field Office, 1974-1976.First-chair prosecutor for Mafia and gambling operations. Accounted for 90 percent of convictions in 5 prosecutor offices. Duties included supervising investigations, presenting results to grand jury, wiretaps, obtaining convictions and defending those convictions before the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.

Judge Advocate General School, 1970 and 1976

Command and General Staff College, 1982

Noteworthy Cases:

Trial attorney, United States v. William Cook and Charles Stafford Jackson (1986);United States v. Curtis Leo Hall (1975);

Trial Judge, State of Texas v. Donald Gene Franklin (1982); Capital Murder/death penalty case affirmed by U.S. Supreme Court; United States v. Jose T. Rivera, (1972), defense counsel;

Presiding Judge, In re Ignacio Garcia (1987).

Time On The Bench

Probate Court, Bexar County,2001 – Present
Appointed in 2001,won contested election in 2002.

Fourth Court of Appeals, 1998
Unopposed for Reelection

Fourth Court of Appeals, 1992Held a six-year term.

289th District Court, 1990
Unopposed for Reelection

289th District Court, 1986
Elected by 65.5%, largest percentage for any Republican countywide candidate in Bexar History. Held a four-year term.

289th District Court, 1982
Elected by 59%
Held a four-year term

289th District Court, 1981
Appointed by Governor William P. Clements

Bexar County District Clerk, 1978
Held a four-year term.
Was first successful Republican County-wide candidate in Bexar History.

Honors & Organizations

President’s Award, Community Guidance Center, 1992
Public Citizen of the Year, National Association of Social Workers, 1991
Outstanding Service to Children, Advisory Board High Risk Infant Program, 1990
Outstanding Contribution Award, Nosotros, 1986
Appreciation Award, Teenage Crime Commission, 1989
Politician of the Year, 1979


San Antonio Bar Association
Family Law, Criminal Law Juvenile and Military Sections, State Bar of Texas
National Council of Juvenile and Family Law Court Judges
Permanency Planning Task Force for Texas 1987
State Bar:Admitted on December 15, 1969

Organizations:*Unless indicated, all active work was discontinued after joining the court of appeals.

Television Commentator, Channel 5, KENS—“Eye on San Antonio” Weekly Segment
Radio Commentator, WOAI, “Judge Rickhoff On the Law”—Weekly Segment
Coordinating Chair, San Antonio/Bexar County Drug and Alcohol Abuse Commission.

Director, Bexar/Bulverde Volunteer Fire District Board of Directors
Director, Judson Montessori School Board
Director, San Antonio Police Academy Board of Directors
Director, Family Services Association Board of Directors

Member, Holy Trinity Parish-Current

Associated, Downtown RotaryAssociated,
Associated, Texas Coalition for Juvenile Justice
Associated, San Antonio Coalition for Children, Youth and Families
Associated, Alamo Area Council of Governments
Associated, Oblate Associates
Member, St. Mary’s Alumni Board of Directors, 2001
Associated, San Antonio Children’s Center
Associated, Community Guidance Center
Associated, Healy Murphy Center
Associated, Patrician Movement
Associated, Youth Alternatives
Associated, Seton Home
Associated, Christian Pro-Life Foundation
Associated, Bexar County Mental Health Group Home
Associated, Children’s Shelter
Associated, Salvation Army for Girls
Member, Child Advocates of San Antonio Board of Directors, 2001
Associated, Nosotros
Associated, National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Associated, Los Compadres de San Antonio
Rotary International, downtown San Antonio, Texas


Historical Articles:
Senator Red Berry History of Gambling in San Antonio, Texas, Scene San Antonio, 2005
History of 'Bigfoot' Wallace, San Antonio Express-News 2000

Legal Writings:
Moderator, Political Aspects of Appellate Law, 30 St. Mary’s L.J. 1137 (1999)
The United States Attorney: Fateful Powers Limited, 27 St. Mary’s L.J. 499 (1997)
St. Mary’s L.J. 259 (1989) (co-authored with Curtis L. Cukjati)
Protecting the Fetus from Maternal Drug and Alcohol Abuse: A Proposal for Texas, 21Case Examples:Hartman v. State, 2 S.W.3d 490 (Tex. App.-San Antonio 1999, pet ref’d)
Mireles V. Texas Dept. of Public Safety, 993 S.W.2d 426 (Tex.App.-San Antonio 1999), aff’d, 9 S.W.3d 126 (Tex. 1999)
Amunson v. State, 928 S.W.2d 601 (Tex. App.-San Antonio 1996, pet ref’d
Ryan v. Friesenhahn, 911 S.W.2d 113 (Tex.App.-San Antonio 1995), aff’d, 960 S.W.2d 656 (Tex. 1998)